INTERNATIONAL PATENT FOR OPENING № 088/05.035, 42.080, 42.080, 43.047
WATER – THE CONSUMER AND THE SOURCE OF ENERGY WHITH ITS VORTEX STATE OF MOTION
1. Introduction Energy of vortex devices made by Viktor Schauberger, Georges Rank and a very large number of other inventors remains mysterious nowadays, although many hypotheses have been suggested, including the creation of perpetual motion.
2. Priority information Priority of invention … The materials on this invention were published in the article “Properties of water with vortex motion”, received …..
3. The summary of the opening Energetics of vortex systems containing WATER, can be explained without vacuum or ether energy, without cold fusion and without torsion fields, but simply on the basis of chemical thermodynamics course of reversible dissociating process of water molecules on aquaradicals · H0, ·OH0 and its association back to H2O. Direct reaction of water molecules dissociation on aquaradicals -is endothermic (Q = -543 kJ/mol), but the reverse one is exothermic (Q = +543 kJ/mol). The energy use of these two reactions separately is only possible if the spatial separation of its course. It is this separation that occurs with the vortex state of flow motion. It is confirmed clearly with the explanation of the effects observed in the mysterious tube of J. Ranka. Compressed air tangentially fed into the tube acquires a vortex motion. While peripheral (wall) part of the air stream is heating to 30-50 °C, and its central part is cooling to the temperature-(40-230 °C). It is IMPOSSIBLE to explain the effects observed by the laws of aerodynamics . Unfortunately, the researchers of Ranka working tube, did not give quite attention to the fact that the coming air contains water vapor up to 2-3 %.
In the central part of the flow where the pressure is naturally reduced, the reaction of water dissociation on aquaradicals is accelerating, in accordance with Le Chatelier’s principle, because due to this reaction, the pressure in the center of stream will increase. At the same time, the speed of reverse reaction, i.e. the association of aquaradicals in water molecules will be reduced, and aquaradicals are discarded at the periphery of the stream by centrifugal forces where it enters into the specified reaction. Thus, the vortex state of flow motion spatially divides the course of reciprocal reactions: in the centre of the stream the dissociation of water molecules on aquaradicals occurs, and on the periphery of the stream there is an association of aquaradicals to water molecules. Because of the separation of these reactions the central part of the air stream is cooled due to the endothermic reaction of dissociation of water molecules on aquaradicals and its peripheral part is heated due to the exothermic reaction of the association of aquaradicals back to water molecules. Therefore, the water with its vortex mode acts both a consumer, both an energy source. In the vortex hydro-heat generators, where liquid is the working medium: water or oil containing water, necessarily cavitation takes place, accompanied by the appearance of bubbles and its collapse. Due to the energy bleeding during the collapse of bubbles, there happens endothermic dissociation of water molecules being in the system, to aquaradicals. The resulting aquaradicals, due to the vortex mode and centrifugal forces, are ejected from the area where the dissociation of water molecules flows, and therefore it interacts together outside of the specified zone. The exothermic effect of aquaradicals association in the water molecule is that energy, which increases the ratio of energy conversion in vortex hydro-heat generators up to the coefficient = 13,4 by data of the laboratory of physico-chemical aerohydrodynamics, IPRIM RAS. 4. The invention formula With the vortex state of flow motion of systems containing water, and with all the conditions conducive to the emergence of this mode of motion(impulse effect, ultrasound, flow around bodies, nozzles, capillaries and other) according to Le Chatelier’s funamental principle and the laws of chemical thermodynamics, in the central part of the flow where the pressure is reduced, water molecules dissociate on radicals ·H0, ·OH0. This reaction is endothermic (Q = -543 kJ/mol), and therefore the water in the center of the stream acts as an energy consumer. The resulting aquaradicals with the help of centrifugal forces are removed from the center of the stream, and outside it interacts with the generation of water molecules, along with this the water outside the center of the stream is a source of energy (Q = +543 kJ/mol). When the energy required for the dissociation reaction of water is compensated partially or completely, for example, by the energy bleeded during cavitation in the vortex hydro-heat generators, then the energy released during the generation of water from aquarticles is additional, because of this the value of energy transformation coefficient and makes it more than unity, without VIOLATING the LAW of CONSERVATION AND transformation of ENERGY.