Prof. Tyurin Vladimir, PhD, Grand PhD Prof. Santhi Jayasekara, PhD, Grand PhD
Since ancient time the expression Genius Loci - "genious of place" is well known. And the concept that captures the essence of this definition probably has a longer history.
Genius loci - the Spirit-protector of living or dead, large or small, whether village or town, a mountain, a separate tree or, finally, invisible unique atmosphere of a place or unexplained phenomenon.
This definition applies to humans or to being that protects a particular location.
Even Virgil in his Aeneid wrote that the snake appeared to Aeneas was adopted by him for the Genius loci.
And later the grammarian Servius (IV C.E.), commenting the lines of Virgil, said, "as there is no place without the spirit".
The ancient authors wrote about the Genius Loci (G. L.) as a particular place given to them.
And the great Alexander Pushkin with his lyceum friends wrote on the stone in the Park in Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum G. L. - Genius Loci.
As claimed, the definition of "Genius loci" has a spiritual origin, or even sacred, mystical. Indeed, let's recall the tenacity with which the old Testament David conquered the Salim town from the Jebusites. And pilgrimage, existing from immemorial time almost universally to various memorable or ancestral places, inspiring spiritual renewal, especially when the subject of worship are the relicts, icons, etc.
In ancient times, for example, Stonehenge was refered to such phenomena.
They assume that G. L. connects a person with the given place, with nature, with the material environment and, at the same time,with inexplicable influences. It is in such places the link of spiritual and emotional origins of man with the manifestation of natural forces is indicated. Thus there is an "awakening" of human abilities and its activation.