CHARLES CHAPLIN - LIFE AND WORK (Course Work)

 

Charles Chaplin Life and Work

 

Santi Jayasekera (Mahatma Shanti), PhD.

 Saint-Petersburg State

 University of Cinema and Television

 

 

Introduction

 

 

Talking about Charles Chaplin is easy and hard at the same time. Easy, because his life and activities are described in hundreds of publications, memoirs and studies. His genealogy is traced from great-grandparents on both sides. His life was examined under a magnifying glass up to the intimate details. He wrote “My Biography”. And Chaplin’s creative activity was also studied in details.

 

 At the same time it is difficult to write about Charles Chaplin. Falling under the influence of literature and critical studies, devoted to Chaplin, you unwittingly become a spokesman for the experts and analysts. Therefore, an own idea, though will be based on the study of materials and personal impressions, bears the imprint of subjectivity and personal perception of Chaplin’s creativity.

 

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GENIUS LOCI - SEBORA

 

Prof. Tyurin Vladimir, PhD, Grand PhD                                          Prof. Santhi Jayasekara, PhD, Grand PhD

 

Genius Loci

 

Since ancient time the expression Genius Loci - "genious of place" is well known. And the concept that captures the essence of this definition probably has a longer history.

Genius loci - the Spirit-protector of living or dead, large or small, whether village or town, a mountain, a separate tree or, finally, invisible unique atmosphere of a place or unexplained phenomenon.

This definition applies to humans or to being that protects a particular location.

Even Virgil in his Aeneid wrote that the snake appeared to Aeneas  was adopted by him for the Genius loci.

And later the grammarian Servius (IV C.E.), commenting the lines of Virgil, said, "as there is no place without the spirit".

The ancient authors wrote about the Genius Loci (G. L.) as a particular place given to them.

And the great Alexander Pushkin with his lyceum friends wrote on the stone in the Park in Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum G. L. -  Genius Loci.

As claimed, the definition of "Genius loci" has a spiritual origin, or even sacred, mystical. Indeed, let's recall the tenacity with which the old Testament David conquered the Salim town from the Jebusites. And pilgrimage, existing from  immemorial time almost universally to various memorable or ancestral places, inspiring spiritual renewal, especially when the subject of worship are the relicts, icons, etc.

In ancient times, for example, Stonehenge was refered to such phenomena. 

They assume that G. L. connects a person with the given place, with nature, with the material environment and, at the same time,with inexplicable influences. It is in such places the link of spiritual and emotional origins of man with the manifestation of natural forces is indicated. Thus there is an "awakening" of human abilities and its activation.

 

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FROM THE MEMORIS OF TONINO GUERRA

 

MEMORY OF TONINO GUERRA : By Prof. Santhi Jayasekera

Recognition is an amazing phenomenon of public opinion expression. It is a response to the outstanding activities of a person, his merits and achievements.

Recognition crowns fame and determines the duration of communication with an author regardless of the time of his actual existence. The chosen by fame are paid bonuses, awarded, stand out on the screens, magazine covers.

But there is a more modest but lasting recognition called  memory. The memory of actions, thoughts, all that remains in the inheritance.

 

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SANTHI JAYASEKERA : FILMMAKER

 

It is truly difficult to describe who Mahatma Shanti really is: he doesn’t prefer to limit his activities by the narrow circle and tries always to beat his own record. That’s the reason he chose the way of a film director, as it is cinematography where Mahatma Shanti can express his lust for innovation, creative search and flight of fancy.

Cinema production is like life: it is full of joy, beauty, sometimes tragedy and drama, but it always brings us to the Truth. To reflect all the life miracles, a film director has to be mature enough to be able to reflect, reveal and convey the inner state of characters and also to be capable of emphasizing. Furthermore, cinema production always requires purely deep and profound knowledge in various fields of science, both arts and technology. And Mahatma Shanti belongs to that rare kind of masters of a great erudition.

 

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THE CINEMA OF THE USA

 

By Prof. Santhi Jayasekera

 

The cinema of the USA

Hollywood is “The dream factory”. Hollywood, the famous district in California, LA, is known worldwide as the main place of the American cinema industry. Here the majority of American films are shot, and a lot of celebrities live. On Hollywood Walk of Fame there are more than two thousand and a half hand imprints of movie, theatre and entertainment stars.

-          The Appearance of Hollywood

Just before the cinema era, well-known Thomas Edison created at his lab the device for the demonstration of the moving figures, which gained the name “kinetoscope”, and he made the patent on it in 1893. With the appearance of the great amount of the devices by Lumière brothers and of the other European firms, Edison suffered under high competitiveness. He brought some cases to court, and, basing on the patent right, he tried to fight the competitors. When suddenly W. Dickson, the engineer, who took part in the construction of the kinetoscope, left the lab of Edison and in 1896 created his own lab named “Biograf”.

After the long fight at the end of 1907 Edison’s company gathered the biggest competitors and came to the compromise, according to that every has the right to use the patent on the condition that the half of the income from the cinema distribution is transferred to Edison, while the competitors made another suggest – to create the only company that would control the collection of percentages and at the same time would have the monopolistic right on the patent.

 

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Review of the film "TRUE LOVE"

 

Review of the film "True love" (A. N. Iezuitov, Grand-doctor, Professor)
A film of Santhi Jayasekera

  The screenplay of Santhi P. Jayasekera under the paradoxically intriguing title "True love" is dedicated to the truly great and comprehensive, irresistible and life-giving power of love. This gives the screenplay the special interest and magnetism for its future audience. 
The characters of the screenplay are young people with so-called "disabilities." Along with it the lives of the characters are closely associated with artistic creativity. Ruslan is a blind musician, plays the piano well and sings, speaks and hears, touch-sensitive.

   Anna is a hearing-impaired interpreter, speaking the language of the deaf, speaks well and sees, touch-sensitive. 
Paul is a deaf-mute artist, seeing.
Previously, we have already met musicians in art and in life, blind and deaf. Blind pianist ("Blind musician" by V. Korolenko), blind violinist (Mozart and Salieri by A. Pushkin). Beethoven became actually deaf. Blind is a talented contemporary pianist Oleg Akkuratov etc. 
Moreover, at present in Israel there is a special and unique in the world theatre of deafblind performers, who will conduct tours in Russia. In Moscow the Fund of support of deafblind "Connection" was created, organizing competitions in the field of art and creative workshops. In St. Petersburg there is a puppet theatre for the vision impaired and hearing-impaired children.

   Santhi P. Jayasekera goes very timely in his screenplays in the tideway of truly global tradition, at the same time significantly developing and enriching it, theoretically and practically.

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