DR. MAHINDA BALASURIYA
Grand Ph.D., (IUFS Russia), M.Phil., (Sri Lanka), B.Sc., (India)
INSPECTOR GENERAL OF POLICE (CHIEF OF POLICE)
'The Best means of protecting Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) and bolstering the full alliance is by the conduct of sea control operations for forward" – Vice Admiral Mustin.
INTRODUCTION TO MARITIME TERRORISM
The Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) working Group has offered an extensive definition for maritime terrorism.
".. the undertaking of terrorist acts and activities within the maritime environment, using or against vessels or fixed platforms at sea or in port, against any one of their passengers or personnel against coastal facilities or settlements, including tourist resorts, port areas and port areas and port towns or cities"
This definition, however, does not define what terrorism is and whether it would only include maritime attacks against civilian (merchant) vessels or also attacks against military crafts. I define maritime terrorism, therefore, as the use or threat of violence against a ship (civilian as well as military), its passengers or sailors, cargo, a port facility, or if the purpose is solely a platform for political ends. The definition can be expanded to include the use of the maritime transportation system to smuggle terrorists or terrorist materials into the targeted country. Maritime terrorism is motivated by political goals beyond the immediate act of attacking a maritime target.