INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM
NATIONAL SECURITY AND LTTE TERRORISM IN SRI LANKA
PhD Research Report – Introduction to Terrorism
By Prof. Dr. Mahinda Balasuriya
This is the introductory chapter. In this chapter introduction to terrorism and national security of a state has been discussed. As a case study Liberation tigers of tamil eelam (LTTE) terrorism in Sri Lanka has been discussed at length.
The main factors in relation to national security are (i).Political independence or national sovereignty (ii).Territorial integrity, and (iii).Physical existence. National security involves many measures which can be cited as (i).Using diplomacy to rally allies and isolate threats (ii).Maintaining effective armed forces (iii).Implementing civil defence and emergency preparedness measures including anti-terrorist legislation (iv).Ensuring the resilience and redundancy of critical infrastructure (v).Using intelligence services to detect and defeat or avoid threats and espionage, and to protect classified information (vi).Using counterintelligence services or secret police to protect the nation from internal threats. National security of a country may be endangered or threatened either by external or internal factors. In this regard Sri Lanka provides a good example. The national security of Sri Lanka has been severely affected by the terrorist activities posed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) which has been fighting for a separate state for the Tamil people living in the Northern and Eastern parts of the country. The LTTE has been widely accepted as one of the most dangerous and well organized terrorist organizations in the present world.