Psychosomatic medicine and practical resource psychotherapy
Prof. Kovalenko – Madzhuga N. P. – PhD, Ds, GD
Psychosomatic model of modern medicine is gradually entering the doctors’ understanding and is developing in conjunction with such fields of knowledge as prenatal psychology, clinical psychology, resource psychotherapy and others. The concept of psychosomatic relations is based on the acceptance of initial importance of personal-medium factors in the genesis of somatic diseases, in their resistance to treatment and on secondary prevention. The patient is justly seen not only as “carrier” of sick organ or function, but as a personality, which functions in one or the other, usually pathogenic medium (environment). The relationship of the sick to their sickness, formation in them of adequate model of expected results of treatment have significant value for diagnostics of disease and level of re-socialization .
Psychosomatic experiences of the sick with the one and the same disease can significantly differ depending on the personality’s specifics and includes different levels of reflection by the sick of his own condition: sensitivity, emotional, intellectual, and motivational. Apart from that there are people tended to organize a typical lifestyle, under which they put themselves under conditions, which increase the probability of occurrence of stress events, which result in occurrence or enhancement of somatic disease .
The term “psychosomatic disorder” has significantly changed in the last few years [1, 5, 16], but the essence of the problem remains the same. The very psychosomatic model, which takes in to account mainly the psychogenetic factors, is being replaced by bio-psychosocial model (Drozdova M. S. 2003).