Biology & Medicine Psychology & Pedagogy

DETERMINATION OF CAUSES PANIC ATTACKS IN A SINGLE FAMILY

  

Anna Noviya,PhD,  Olga Kuzmenko, PhD. 

Key words: Panic attacks, vegetative-vascular dystonia, relations between parents, family, child health, teenager, phobias, stress, depression, self-esteem, hermit, adrenaline, cortisol, psychological portrait, partner compatibility, psychocorrection, O. Kuzmenko system.

Annotation: When examining the family of a teenage girl and her parents in the system of O. Kuzmenko, it was revealed that the disharmonious behavior of parents was to blame for the manifestation of her daughter’s panic attacks. For successful treatment of a daughter, psychocorrection is necessary not only for the daughter, but also for the parents. They need to clarify that their wrong behavior greatly affects the state of their daughter.

For patients with the diagnosis “Panic attacks”, it is recommended to investigate and, if necessary, correct the condition of not only the patient himself, but also his close environment.

Panic attacks – uncontrolled, unreasonable and absolutely sudden acute attacks of anxiety, panic, the causes of which are inexplicable. Panic attack syndrome occurs in 5% of megalopolis residents, with almost all ages ranging from adolescents 11–13 years old to the elderly, but mostly among young people aged 20–30 years. More often women suffer from panic attacks.

The increase in symptoms occurs at high speed. The frequency of attacks – from several times a day to 1-2 times a month. The attack can last only a few moments, but sometimes it ends after 2-3 hours. This state passes, but the memory remains “sticky” fear, confusion and there is concern about the state of health. Subsequent attacks are more acute, since the symptoms of percolation are already known, but there is no reason for the manifestation. A person does not have the possibility of self-control. There is a tension of the nervous system. The body behaves as if the patient is in mortal danger. Fear increases.

One attack can provoke a phobia, fear of the dark, fear of animals. Regular attacks provoke anxiety increase, refusal to eat and, as a result, dystrophy. Loss of appetite leads to a breakdown of the gastrointestinal tract and other organs important for human life. A strong self-doubt develops. Such changes affect the appearance of a person, affect personal and professional qualities, and spoil relations between spouses.

Factors contributing to the occurrence of the disease:

  • Heredity (genetic predisposition).
  • Malfunction of the hormonal system (Diseases of the thyroid gland, pituitary, hypothalamus. Disorders in the regulation of hormones can cause symptoms that are very characteristic for anxiety attacks.)
  • Stressful condition. Scandals in the family, problems at work or loss of a close relative lead to the appearance of irrational fears.
  • Low self-esteem. Doubtful people attach great importance to someone else’s opinion. Such people want to please, are afraid to make a mistake, seem ridiculous in public.
  • Disruption of sleep. As a result of constant lack of sleep, the human nervous system is so exhausted that it starts working with some disruptions and gives the wrong commands to the body.
  • Medication without a doctor’s prescription. The use of drugs leads to depletion of the nervous system and regular disruptions in its work.
  • Excessive consumption of “energy drinks” or drinks containing a large dose of caffeine.
  • Mental illness.

Sometimes panic occurs “out of the blue”, for no apparent reason, and “disappears” also suddenly. The attack can begin in public transport, in places with large crowds of people, or, conversely, in a confined space (car, elevator, …). A person has the feeling that there is simply no reason for such a reaction. Each time a new attack is accompanied by more acute sensations. A new phobia appears – the fear of repetition of the attack. And, as a result, depression, sleep disturbance, suspiciousness, neurasthenia, neurosis, which provoke an increase in crises.

Sometimes panic occurs “out of the blue”, for no apparent reason, and “disappears” also suddenly. The attack can begin in public transport, in places with large crowds of people, or, conversely, in a confined space (car, elevator, …). A person has the feeling that there is simply no reason for such a reaction. Each time a new attack is accompanied by more acute sensations. A new phobia appears – the fear of repetition of the attack. And, as a result, depression, sleep disturbance, suspiciousness, neurasthenia, neurosis, which provoke an increase in crises.

Panic attacks themselves are not dangerous, but they can make life completely unbearable. The person begins to build his life in such a way as to avoid a repetition of the attack, trying to stay away from the crowded places (avoids visiting big supermarkets, using public transport, going to big events – competitions, concerts, mass celebrations, etc.). In severe cases, he wants to completely shut himself off from society and become a real hermit, reclusive.

Not all people exposed to panic attacks know what happens to them. Very often, a panic attack is confused with heart disease. Their symptoms are actually somewhat similar. Panic attack (also called a vegetative crisis), may begin with pain in the chest, feeling of lack of air and heart palpitations. Patients often try to relieve these symptoms with Corvalol or other similar agents, but in the case of a panic attack, this, as a rule, does not give any effect.

An interesting fact is that the concept of “panic attack” appeared recently, earlier it was called “vegetative-vascular dystonia”.

Consider the diagrams of the diagnosis cards of the daughter of Xenia, 17 years old (Table No. 1),

her mother, Mila, is 40 years old (Table No. 2) and her father Nikolay, 46 years old (Table No. 3).

Decoding of the diagnosis cards was carried out according to the system of O. Kuzmenko, hereinafter referred to as medical diagnoses and psychological portraits.

Table № 1

Daughter Ksenia, 17, complained of panic attacks. She was brought by her mother, who complained about her daughter being closed, lack of desire to leave the house, to communicate with people, classmates and teachers. Ksenia said she wants to leave school. She has no more friends. They ceased to interest her. All mother’s comments sharply and violently reacted, irritated, cried, argued, combed the skin on her legs, up to tearing, until mom left the office.

Medical diagnosis:

Hypofunction of the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, ovaries, susceptibility to coronary heart disease, thyroid cancer, endometritis, nephritis and cystitis, vegetative dystonia and neurosis, and constipation on the nerves.

Psychological picture:

Ksenia is well brought up, benevolent, but quick-tempered, observant, decent, obligatory, honest, knows how to behave correctly, but does not always do it. From birth, she had the willpower, but at the time of the examination she behaved weakly (possibly playing the role of a weak-willed person). Needs a lot of understanding and love, which obviously does not receive.

He experiences a sharp negative attitude towards his mother (panic fear), he is afraid that he will not like it as a woman (in history – unhappy love two years ago). Currently, her young man returned to her, but in the subconscious there remained the fear of losing his love again. Subconsciously does not believe the representatives of the opposite sex. Feels fear and hidden claims to the father. Has an increased response to negative situations. Acutely reacts to the absence of the desired result, which he wants to get immediately, as he is impatient. It has an increased emotional response to the manifestation of injustice (from her point of view).

Table № 2

Mother Mila is 40 years old

Medical diagnosis:

The propensity to cancer of the pancreas head, chronic hepatitis, nephritis hr.pravostoronny (tendency to pyelonephritis), hypofunction of the pituitary, hypothalamus, thyroid, adrenal, vascular dystonia and neurosis, constipation nervosa, propensity to holitsistit-pancreatitis.

Psychological picture:

Well educated, able to make a good impression, a strong-willed person, with a great sense of responsibility, quickly implements his plans. But he does not always get a positive result, which he is very worried about.

Long lost feelings of love, fears that she is a bad mother, that she can not have enough material resources. Tough, domineering nature, sharply and impatiently reacting to the absence of the desired result. Explicit manifestations of rejection and claims to the daughter. Greedy, hot-tempered, cruel, despotic, with a heightened sense of justice (from her point of view).

Table № 3

Father Nikolai 46 years old

Medical diagnosis:

Tendency to bronchial asthma, ischemic heart disease, diabetes. It has diseases: cholecysto-pancreatitis, hypofunction of the prostate, thyroid, pancreas, sweat and sebaceous glands, adrenal glands, chronic prostatitis, right-sided nephritis, hepatitis, gastritis, dystonia.

Psychological picture:

Poorly brought up, however, is a strong, strong-willed, greedy and despotic person, quickly realizes his plans. Self-confident, domineering, demanding, selfish person with a frequent manifestation of tyranny. Shows quick temper when he does not get the desired result.

He feels a desire to show great attention, understanding and love for himself. Himself is self-centered, tough and sometimes cruel person. Considers himself right in everything.

Has a clear manifestation of rejection and claims to his wife and daughter.

Partner compatibility mother and daughter:

Both are well brought up, always fulfill what they promise. It would seem that between them there should be a good understanding. Both are in great need of love and are afraid not to get it. Often argue, insist on his. Not going to give in to each other. Mila strongly presses on the independent character of her daughter, suppresses her will. The mother is not able to help her daughter overcome fears, because she experiences them herself. Both quick-tempered, greedy, have great destructive power directed against each other.

Spouse partnerships:

There is a big incompatibility in education, both touchy, imperious, strong-willed, sharp, rigid egocentric personalities. Therefore, there may be no mutual understanding and common interests between them.

At the same time, they have good sexual compatibility, the same attitude to material values and a sense of duty.

The wife, because of her insecurity, got a partner who maintains confidence in her. Their relationship is kept on the constant use of Mila’s diplomacy.

Family compatibility in general:

Parents show strong pressure on the independent character of the daughter. There is no mutual understanding, love and respect in the family. Women have a fear of father and husband. Not receiving the desired manifestation of love from her husband, the mother switched her feelings to her daughter, demanding from her to be the ideal person she wants to be proud of. Therefore, the mother “terrorizes” her daughter for any reason. The daughter is very insecure in her abilities – to self-blame. Because of her heightened emotionality, her daughter is irritated by her mother and is very afraid of her father.

Vegetovascular dystonia in general and panic attacks in particular successfully “masked” by other diseases. Therefore, the success of therapy depends entirely on the correct diagnosis.

We recommend the diagnosis and psycho-correction of all family members according to the Olga Kuzmenko system, as the simplest way is non-invasive and positively influencing the psyche of patients. This will significantly reduce the dose or gradually eliminate drugs that adversely affect the patient’s liver.

It must be borne in mind that the load on the liver (exerted by the use of large doses of drugs) leads to a deterioration in the prognosis of any disease.

Findings: 

  1. Due to the psychological incompatibility of Xenia’s parents in the field of education, there is no mutual understanding and harmonious relations between them.
  2. This affected the relationship with her daughter, who had a great impressionability from birth and a vulnerable psyche.
  3. The disharmonious behavior of the parents is to blame for the manifestation of the panic attacks of the daughter.
  4. For successful treatment of the daughter, psychocorrection is necessary not only for the daughter, but also for the parents. They need to clarify that their wrong behavior greatly affects the state of their daughter.
  5. If they can change their behavior in the family, then we can guarantee the improvement of the condition of their child, otherwise it will be very difficult.
  6. In case of panic attacks, it is necessary to investigate the condition of not only the patient himself, but also his close environment.